Here in Louisiana as is the case in many states there is no “self-help” with regard to Landlords evicting an unworthy, lease breaching tenant. Evictions can be a prickly subject and even more difficult when you have a tenant who will simply not vacate the property. When it comes to commercial property and leases, there are very strict rules that must be followed in order to have a tenant kicked out.
Eviction proceedings are ones that are considered summary proceedings here in Louisiana. These are ones that can be conducted much faster than an ordinary proceeding. See La C.C.P. art. 2591. Unfortunately this is not always the case and the Judge may use his discretion to retard the progress of the action.
Depending on the type of lease that Landlord and Tenant will determine how the lease may be terminated and eviction proceeding started. Termination of a lease is governed by La C.C.P. art. 4701 et seq. A helpful aspect for a Landlord to put into his lease, is that La C.C.P. art. 4701 notice is waived, therefore the Landlord will be able to institute eviction proceedings immediately upon default or termination of the lease.
The law has specific definitions for all the parties involved with a lease and eviction. These definitions are spelled out in the code at La C.C.P. art 4704. Terms such as Lease, Lessee, Lessor, Occupant, Owner and Premises are literally spelled out by the code. This is helpful to determine who the parties are.
If the Landlord is awarded possession of the premises by a court, and the tenant does not remove itself from the premises, then a Warrant will be issued to have the sheriff remove the tenant from the premises. This is a very serious penalty. See La C.C.P. arts 4731 and 4733 for more on this procedure.
Landlord / Tenant relationships can be very frictional at times. Most of the time the parties get along and there are not issues. In the small majority of the time where there are disputes, the lease will control. Further, the eviction proceeding is where the parties will have their day in court. I have dealt with a number of lease disputes here recently, and none are easy by the time they get to me. Its important to have a good working lease and take into account the rules to get the tenant out.